Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Nature Of Operations And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies (Policy)

Nature Of Operations And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies (Policy)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Nature Of Operations And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis Of Presentation And Organization

The accompanying audited consolidated financial statements of Clarus Corporation and subsidiaries (which may be referred to as the “Company,” “Clarus,” “we,” “our” or “us”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).

Nature Of Business

Nature of Business

Headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah, Clarus, a company focused on the outdoor and consumer industries, is seeking opportunities to acquire and grow businesses that can generate attractive shareholder returns. The Company has substantial net operating tax loss carryforwards which it is seeking to redeploy to maximize shareholder value in a diverse array of businesses. Clarus’ primary business is as a leading developer, manufacturer and distributor of outdoor equipment and lifestyle products focused on the climb, ski, mountain, and sport categories. The Company’s products are principally sold under the Black Diamond®, Sierra® and PIEPS® brand names through specialty and online retailers, distributors and original equipment manufacturers throughout the U.S. and internationally. 

Through our Black Diamond and PIEPS brands, we offer a broad range of products including: high performance apparel (such as jackets, shells, pants and bibs); rock-climbing equipment (such as carabiners, protection devices, harnesses, belay devices, helmets, and ice-climbing gear); technical backpacks and high-end day packs; tents; trekking poles; headlamps and lanterns; and gloves and mittens. We also offer advanced skis, ski poles, ski skins, and snow safety products, including avalanche airbag systems, avalanche transceivers, shovels, and probes.  Through our Sierra brand, we manufacture a wide range of high performance bullets for both rifles and pistols that are used for precision target shooting, hunting and military and law enforcement purposes.

Clarus Corporation, incorporated in Delaware in 1991, acquired Black Diamond Equipment, Ltd. (which may be referred to as “Black Diamond Equipment” or “BDEL”) and Gregory Mountain Products, LLC (which may be referred to as “Gregory Mountain Products”, “Gregory” or “GMP”) in May 2010 and changed its name to Black Diamond, Inc., in January 2011. In July 2012, we acquired POC Sweden AB and its subsidiaries (collectively, “POC”) and in October 2012, we acquired PIEPS Holding GmbH and its subsidiaries (collectively, “PIEPS”).

On July 23, 2014, the Company completed the sale of certain assets to Samsonite LLC comprising Gregory Mountain Product’s business.

On October 7, 2015, the Company and the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Ember Scandinavia AB (“Ember”), sold their respective equity interests in POC comprising POC’s business of designing, manufacturing, marketing, distributing and selling advanced-design helmets, body armor, goggles, eyewear, gloves, and apparel for action or “gravity sports,” such as skiing, snowboarding, and cycling pursuant to a Purchase Agreement (the “POC Purchase Agreement”), dated as of October 7, 2015, by and among the Company and Ember, as sellers, and Dainese S.p.A. and Dainese U.S.A., Inc. (collectively “Dainese”), as purchasers. Under the terms of the POC Purchase Agreement, Dainese paid $63,639 in cash for POC (the “POC Disposition”). The activities of POC have been segregated and reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. See Note 3. Discontinued Operations to the notes to consolidated financial statements.

On August 14, 2017, the Company changed its name from Black Diamond, Inc. to Clarus Corporation and its stock ticker symbol from “BDE” to “CLAR” on the NASDAQ stock exchange. On August 21, 2017, the Company acquired Sierra Bullets, L.L.C. (“Sierra” or “Sierra Bullets”).

Use Of Estimates

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  The more significant estimates relate to purchase price allocation, excess or obsolete inventory, and valuation of deferred tax assets.  We base our estimates on historical experience and other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Principles Of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Clarus Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Foreign Currency Transactions And Translation

Foreign Currency Transactions and Translation

The accounts of the Company’s international subsidiaries’ financial statements which have functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar are translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate at the balance sheet dates for assets and liabilities and average exchange rates for the periods for revenues, expenses, gains and losses.  Foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).  Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in other (expense) income in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

Cash Equivalents

Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company did not hold any amounts that were considered to be cash equivalents.  Book overdrafts are classified as a financing activ

Marketable Securities

Marketable Securities

Marketable securities consisted of an exchange-traded fund. The Company accounts for its marketable securities as available-for-sale.  Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value and related unrealized gains and losses are excluded from earnings and are reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until realized.  The cost basis of the exchange traded fund was $9,994 and the unrealized losses were $107, net of taxes of $63, as of December 31, 2015.  The Company sold the exchange traded fund and recognized a gain of $241 in earnings during the twelve months ending December 31, 2016.

Accounts Receivable And Allowance For Doubtful Accounts

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The Company records its trade receivables at sales value and establishes a non-specific allowance for estimated doubtful accounts based on historical experience of collectability.  In addition, specific allowances are established for customer accounts as known collection problems occur due to insolvency, disputes or other collection issues.  The amounts of these specific allowances are estimated by management based on the customer’s financial position, the age of the customer’s receivables and the reasons for any disputes.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is reduced by subsequent collections of the specific allowances or by any write-off of customer accounts that are deemed uncollectible.  The allowance for doubtful accounts was $382 and $399 at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  There were no significant write-offs of the Company’s accounts receivable during the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.



Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (using the first-in, first-out method “FIFO”) or net realizable value.  Elements of cost in the Company’s manufactured inventories generally include raw materials, direct labor, manufacturing overhead and freight in.  The Company reviews its inventories for excess, close-out, or slow moving items and makes provisions as necessary to properly reflect inventory values.

Property And Equipment

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is stated at historical cost, less accumulated depreciation.  Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives.  The principal estimated useful lives are: building improvements, 20 years; computer hardware and software and machinery and equipment, 3-10 years; furniture and fixtures, 5 years.  Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the estimated useful life of the improvement or the life of the lease.  Equipment under capital leases are stated at the present value of minimum lease payments.  Major replacements, which extend the useful lives of equipment, are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life.  Normal maintenance and repair items are expensed as incurred.  Property and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances exist that indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Long-lived assets located outside of the United States are not considered material.



Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair market value of identifiable net assets of acquired companies.  Goodwill is not amortized, but rather is tested at the reporting unit level at least annually for impairment or more frequently if triggering events or changes in circumstances indicate impairment.  Initially, qualitative factors are considered to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. Some of these qualitative factors may include macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, a change in financial performance, entity-specific events, a sustained decrease in share price, and consideration of the difference between the fair value and carrying amount of a reporting unit as determined in the most recent quantitative assessment. If, through this qualitative assessment, the conclusion is made that it is more likely than not that a reporting unit's fair value is less than its carrying amount, a two-step quantitative impairment analysis is performed.  The first step involves estimating the fair value of the reporting unit based upon an acceptable valuation method under ASC 820 Fair Value Measurement.  If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the second step of the impairment test is performed to measure the amount of the impairment loss.  In the second step, the implied fair value of the goodwill is estimated as the fair value of the reporting unit as determined in step one, less fair values of all other net tangible and intangible assets of the reporting unit determined in a manner similar to a purchase price allocation.  If the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess, not to exceed the carrying amount of the goodwill.  For the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company recognized an entire goodwill impairment of $29,507 related to the Black Diamond segment.  No impairment was recorded during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets represent other intangible assets and indefinite-lived intangible assets acquired. Other intangible assets are amortized over their related useful lives. Other intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances exist that indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

Indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized; however, they are tested at least annually for impairment or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances exist that may indicate impairment. Initially, qualitative factors are considered to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset is less than its carrying amount. If, through this qualitative assessment, the conclusion is made that it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset's fair value is less than its carrying amount, or the Company elects to bypass the qualitative assessment, a quantitative impairment analysis is performed by comparing the indefinite-lived intangible asset's book value to its estimated fair value.  The fair value for indefinite-lived intangible assets is determined through an income approach using the relief-from-royalty method. The amount of any impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying amount and the fair value of the impaired asset. During the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, no impairment of indefinite-lived intangible assets was recorded.

Derivative Financial Instruments

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company uses derivative instruments to hedge currency rate movements on foreign currency denominated sales.  The Company enters into forward contracts, option contracts and non-deliverable forwards to manage the impact of foreign currency fluctuations on a portion of its forecasted foreign currency exposure.  These derivatives are carried at fair value on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets in prepaid and other current assets, other long-term assets, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, and other long-term liabilities.  Changes in fair value of the derivatives not designated as hedge instruments are included in the determination of net income.  For derivative contracts designated as hedge instruments, the effective portion of gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value of the instruments are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified to sales in the period the underlying hedged item is recognized in earnings. 

For all hedging relationships, the Company formally documents the hedging relationship and its risk-management objective and strategy for undertaking the hedge, the hedging instrument, the hedged transaction, the nature of the risk being hedged, how the hedging instrument’s effectiveness in offsetting the hedged risk will be assessed prospectively and retrospectively, and a description of the method used to measure ineffectiveness. The Company also formally assesses, both at the inception of the hedging relationship and on an ongoing basis, whether the derivatives that are used in hedging relationships are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of hedged transactions.  The Company uses operating budgets and cash flow forecasts to estimate future foreign currency cash flow exposures and to determine the level and timing of derivative transactions intended to mitigate such exposures in accordance with its risk management policies. The Company discontinues hedge accounting prospectively when it determines that the derivative is no longer effective in offsetting cash flows attributable to the hedged risk, the derivative expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, the cash flow hedge is dedesignated because a forecasted transaction is not probable of occurring, or management determines to remove the designation of the cash flow hedge.  The Company does not enter into derivative instruments for any purpose other than cash flow hedging. The Company does not speculate using derivative instruments.

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company records compensation expense for all share-based awards granted based on the fair value of the award at the time of the grant.  The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model that uses assumptions and estimates that the Company believes are reasonable.  Stock-based compensation costs for stock awards and restricted stock awards is measured based on the closing market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant.  For restricted stock awards subject to market conditions, the fair value of each restricted stock award has been estimated as of the date of grant using the Monte-Carlo pricing model.  The Company recognizes the cost of the share-based awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award and recognizes forfeitures in the period they occur.  Stock options granted have contractual terms of up to ten years.  Upon exercise of stock options or vesting of restricted stock awards, the Company issues shares from those authorized and reserved for issuance.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition

The Company sells its products pursuant to customer orders and agreements entered into with its customers.  Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title and risk of loss pass to the customer, the price is fixed and determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.  Charges for shipping and handling fees billed to customers are included in net sales and the corresponding shipping and handling expenses are included in cost of sales in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

At the time of revenue recognition, we also provide for estimated sales returns and miscellaneous claims from customers as reductions to revenues.  The estimates are based on historical rates of product returns and claims.  However, actual returns and claims in any future period are inherently uncertain and thus may differ from these estimates.  If actual or expected future returns and claims are significantly greater or lower than the allowances that we have established, we will record a reduction or increase to sales in the period in which we make such a determination.  Over the three-year period ended December 31, 2017, our actual annual sales returns have been less than three percent (3%) of net sales.  The allowance for outstanding sales returns from customers is not material to the consolidated financial statements.  Revenues are attributed to countries based on location of the customer.  No individual foreign country comprises greater than 10% of consolidated net sales.

Cost Of Sales

Cost of Sales

The expenses that are included in cost of sales include all direct product costs and costs related to shipping, handling, duties and importation fees.  Product warranty costs and specific provisions for excess, close-out, or slow moving inventory are also included in cost of sales. 

Selling, General And Administrative Expense

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense includes personnel-related costs, product development, selling, advertising, depreciation and amortization, and other general operating expenses.  Advertising costs are expensed in the period incurred.  Total advertising expense for continuing operations, including cooperative advertising costs, were $3,951, $2,605, and $3,220 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.

Through cooperative advertising programs, the Company reimburses its wholesale customers for some of their costs of advertising the Company’s products based on various criteria, including the value of purchases from the Company and various advertising specifications. Cooperative advertising costs were $537,  $741, and $1,037 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively, and were included in selling, general, and administrative expense because the Company receives an identifiable benefit in exchange for the cost, the advertising may be obtained from a party other than the customer, and the fair value of the advertising benefit can be reasonably estimated.

Product Warranty

Product Warranty

Some of the Company’s products carry warranty provisions for defects in quality and workmanship.  Warranty repairs and replacements are recorded in cost of sales and a warranty liability is established at the time of sale to cover estimated costs based on the Company’s history of warranty repairs and replacements.  The Company recorded a liability for product warranties totaling $987 and $892 as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, the Company experienced warranty claims on its products of $949,  $1,051, and $813, respectively.

Reporting Of Taxes Collected

Reporting of Taxes Collected

Taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities are reported on the net basis and are excluded from sales.

Research And Development

Research and Development

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred, and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.  Total research and development costs for continuing operations were $7,984, $6,598, and $7,469 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.

Income Taxes

Income Taxes

Income taxes are based on amounts of taxes payable or refundable in the current year and on expected future tax consequences of events that are recognized in the financial statements in different periods than they are recognized in tax returns.  As a result of timing of recognition and measurement differences between financial accounting standards and income tax laws, temporary differences arise between amounts of pre-tax financial statement income and taxable income and between reported amounts of assets and liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and their respective tax bases.  Deferred income tax assets and liabilities reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheets reflect estimated future tax effects attributable to these temporary differences and to net operating loss and net capital loss carryforwards, based on enacted tax rates expected to be in effect for years in which the differences are expected to be settled or realized. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent on future taxable income in specific jurisdictions.  Valuation allowances are used to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts considered more-likely-than-not to be realized.  U.S. deferred income taxes are not provided on undistributed income of foreign subsidiaries where such earnings are considered to be permanently invested.

The Company recognizes interest expense and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax (benefit) expense.

The Company recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate resolution. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax (benefit) expense. Unrecognized tax benefits that reduce a net operating loss, similar tax loss or tax credit carryforward, are presented as a reduction to deferred income taxes. 

Concentration Of Credit Risk And Sales

Concentration of Credit Risk and Sales

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash, accounts receivable, and aggregate unrealized gains (losses) on derivative contracts.  Risks associated with cash within the United States are mitigated by banking with federally insured, creditworthy institutions; however, there are balances with these institutions that are greater than the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limit.  The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and maintains allowances for possible losses as considered necessary by management.

During the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, Recreational Equipment, Inc. (“REI”) accounted for approximately 14%, 16% and 17%, respectively, of the Company’s sales from continuing operations.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements

The carrying value of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their respective fair values due to the short-term nature and liquidity of these financial instruments.  Derivative financial instruments are recorded at fair value based on current market pricing models.  The Company estimates that, due to the variable interest rates reflecting current market rates, the fair value of its long-term debt obligations under its revolving credit facility and senior subordinated notes payable approximate the carrying values at December 31, 2017 and 2016.

Segment Information

Segment Information

As a result of our August 21, 2017 acquisition of Sierra, we now operate our business structure within two segments. These segments are defined based on the internal financial reporting used by management.  Certain significant selling and general and administrative expenses are not allocated to the segments.  The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described above

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements adopted During 2017

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which changes the measurement principle for inventory from the lower of cost or market to lower of cost and net realizable value for entities that do not measure inventory using the last-in, first-out or a retail inventory method.  The ASU eliminates the requirement to consider replacement cost or net realizable value less an approximately normal profit margin when measuring inventory.  The Company adopted this ASU effective on January 1, 2017, on a prospective basis which did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

The Company also adopted ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, effective January 1, 2017.  ASU 2016-09 simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income tax consequences, forfeitures, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Prior to adopting this ASU, all excess tax benefits resulting from exercise or settlement of share-based payment transactions were recognized in Additional paid-in capital (“APIC”) and accumulated in an APIC pool.  Any tax deficiencies were either offset against the APIC pool or were recognized in the income statement if no APIC pool was available.  Under ASU 2016-09, all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies are recognized as an income tax benefit or expense in the income statement prospectively and prior periods have not been adjusted.  A cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings was recorded for tax benefits that were not previously recognized because the related tax deduction had not reduced taxes payable; however, the cumulative-effect adjustment was fully offset by an increase to the valuation allowance. The tax effects of exercised or vested awards are treated as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur.  Excess tax benefits will be recognized regardless of whether the benefit reduces taxes payable in the current period.  In addition, previous guidance required entities to estimate forfeitures when computing share-based compensation.  Pursuant to ASU 2016-09, the Company elected to recognize forfeitures as they occur, which did not materially impact our financial statements.  Prior guidance also required that excess tax benefits be presented as a cash inflow from financing activities and a cash outflow from operating activities.  This ASU simplifies the presentation of excess tax benefits on the statements of cash flow requiring that excess tax benefits be classified along with other income tax cash flows as an operating activity which did not impact our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).  ASU 2014-09 includes a five-step process by which entities will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  The standard also will require enhanced disclosures to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. In July 2015, the FASB announced a decision to defer the effective date of this ASU. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016.  The amendments may be applied retrospectively to each prior period (full retrospective) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application (modified retrospective).  The Company plans to adopt ASU 2014-09 effective at the beginning of fiscal 2018 and apply the modified retrospective approach.


The Company has evaluated the impact of this ASU on the specific areas that apply to the Company and their potential impact to its processes, accounting, financial reporting, disclosures, and controls.  The Company has determined that the overall impact of adopting this ASU will not be material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements. The Company has identified current customer agreements open at December 31, 2017 and determined that, using the modified retrospective method, the cumulative effect of this change in accounting principle is immaterial.  This ASU will primarily involve updating revenue related internal control documentation and expanding revenue disclosures in our periodic filings. 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which revises the accounting related to lessor and lessee accounting. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset (“ROU”) for all leases with terms greater than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The provisions of ASU 2016-02 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and should be applied through a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements with certain practical expedients available. Early adoption is permitted. Since the effective date will not be until January 1, 2019, there is no immediate impact on the financial statements.  Leases previously defined as capital leases will continue to be defined as a capital lease with no material changes to the accounting methodology.  The Company is performing an assessment of its leases and has begun preparations for implementation and restrospective application to the earliest reporting period. Under the new guidance, leases previously defined as operating leases will be defined as financing leases and capitalized if the term is greater than one year. As a result, financing leases will be recorded as an asset and a corresponding liability at the present value of the total lease payments.  The asset will be decremented over the life of the lease on a pro-rata basis resulting in lease expense while the liability will be decremented using the interest method (ie. principal and interest). As such, the Company expects the new guidance will materially impact the asset and liability balances of the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures at the time of adoption. Some of our current operating leases will expire prior to the adoption date.  The Company anticipates renegotiating these operating leases; however, the terms which may exist at the adoption date are currently unknown.  Subsequent to year end, the Company renewed its largest operating lease for the Distribution Center in Utah.  The expected liability and corresponding ROU based upon the present value of the remaining rental payments for all leases that have terms that extend beyond the adoption date is approximately $800.  For the remaining leases which we expect to renew and have terms that go beyond the adoption date, the amounts we expect to recognize as additional liabilities and corresponding ROU assets based upon the present value of the remaining rental payments, are considered immaterial.  The Company is unable to estimate the impact that leases which will require renegotiation will have on the financial statements on the date of adoption

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies the treatment of several cash flow categories. In addition, ASU 2016-15 clarifies that when cash receipts and cash payments have aspects of more than one class of cash flows and cannot be separated, classification will depend on the predominant source or use.  The ASU is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 with early adoption permitted.  The Company does not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements and related disclosures.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Restricted Cash, which requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning January 1, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The amendments in this Update should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented.  The Company does not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements and related disclosures.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The standard simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment by requiring a goodwill impairment to be measured using a single step impairment model, whereby the impairment equals the difference between the carrying amount and the fair value of the specified reporting units in their entirety. This eliminates the second step of the current impairment model that requires companies to first estimate the fair value of all assets in a reporting unit and measure impairments based on those fair values and a residual measurement approach. It also specifies that any loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. We will adopt this standard no later than the effective date of January 1, 2020 on a prospective basis. The impact of the new standard will be dependent on the specific facts and circumstances of future individual impairments, if any.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718) Scope of Modification Accounting, which clarifies that an entity should account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value, vesting terms and classification as liability or equity of the modified and original awards do not change on the modification date.  This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period.  The amendments in this update should be applied using a prospective transition method.  The Company does not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements and related disclosures.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. This standard enables entities to better portray the economics of their risk management activities in the financial statements and enhances the transparency and understandability of hedge results through improved disclosures.  This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early application is permitted.  We intend to adopt the new guidance in the first quarter of 2019.  The primary impact of adoption is the required disclosure changes.  We believe that other comprehensive income (loss) could be materially impacted; however, since the majority of our current contracts will expire prior to the effective date, we cannot fully assess the financial impact of this pronouncement at this time.