Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2016
Income Taxes [Abstract]  
Income Taxes


The Company’s foreign operations that are considered to be permanently reinvested have statutory tax rates of 25%.

As of December 31, 2015, the Company’s gross deferred tax asset was $71,288.  The Company had recorded a valuation allowance of $62,915, resulting in a net deferred tax asset of $8,373, before deferred tax liabilities of $17,342.  The Company has provided a valuation allowance against a portion of the net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2015, because the ultimate realization of those assets did not meet the more likely than not criteria.  The majority of the Company’s deferred tax assets consist of net operating loss carryforwards for federal tax purposes.  If a change in control were to occur, these could be limited under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (“Code”), as amended.

In assessing the realizability of deferred income tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.  The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible and net operating loss and credit carryforwards expire.  The estimates and judgments associated with the Company’s valuation allowance on deferred tax assets are considered critical due to the amount of deferred tax assets recorded by the Company on its consolidated balance sheet and the judgment required in determining the Company’s future taxable income.  The need for a valuation allowance is reassessed at each interim reporting period.  During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company recorded an increase to its valuation allowance of $47,287.

As of December 31, 2015, the Company had net operating loss, research and experimentation credit and alternative minimum tax credit carryforwards for U.S. federal income tax purposes of $166,206 ($294 relates to excess tax benefits related to share based payment compensation, which will not be recorded until an income tax payable exists), $1,408 and $56, respectively.  The Company believes its U.S. Federal net operating loss (“NOL”) will substantially offset its future U.S. Federal income taxes, excluding the amount subject to U.S. Federal Alternative Minimum Tax (“AMT”).  AMT is calculated as 20% of AMT income.  For purposes of AMT, a maximum of 90% of income is offset by available NOLs.  The majority of the Company’s pre-tax income is currently earned and expected to be earned in the U.S., or taxed in the U.S. as Subpart F. income and will be offset with the NOL.

NOLs available to offset taxable income, subject to compliance with Section 382 of the Code, begin to expire based upon the following schedule:




Net Operating Loss Carryforward Expiration Dates

December 31, 2015




Expiration Dates December 31,


Net Operating Loss Amount

















2025 and beyond








Excess stock based payment tax deductions




After limitations